Permeability - Berea Sandstone™ Petroleum Cores

Berea Sandstone Petroleum Cores

In geology, permeability is a measure of the ability of a material (typically, a rock or unconsolidated alluvial material) to transmit fluids through it. It is of great importance in determining the flow characteristics of hydrocarbons in oil and gas reservoirs, and of groundwater in aquifers. The usual unit for permeability is the darcy, or more commonly the milli-darcy or md (1 darcy \approx10-12m2).

Permeability is part of the proportionality constant in Darcy's law which relates discharge (flow rate) and fluid physical properties (e.g. viscosity), to a pressure gradient applied to the porous media. The proportionallity constant specifically for the flow of water through a porous media is the hydraulic conductivity; permeability is a portion of this, and is a property of the porous media only, not the fluid. In naturally occurring materials, it ranges over many orders of magnitude.